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Evan Flatow

  • PROFESSOR Orthopaedics
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  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery


  • MD, Columbia Univ. Col. of Phy. & Surg.

  • Residency, Surgery
    St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Ctr.

  • Residency, Orthopaedic Surgery
    Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Ctr.

  • Fellowship, Should & Elbow
    Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Ctr.


    Dr. Flatow received his medical degree from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. He completed a surgical residency at Roosevelt Hospital and an orthopaedic residency and fellowship at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Dr. Flatow spent 11 years on the faculty of Columbia before joining Mount Sinai in 1998.

    At Mount Sinai, Dr. Flatow has established an internationally renowned shoulder service, with particular interest in minimally invasive fracture repair, arthroscopic repair, arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery, and shoulder replacement. He has pioneered in collaboration with the Department of Anesthesiology, the use of regional blocks so that that shoulder operations may be performed without general anesthesia. One of his most significant contributions has been the development of a comprehensive shoulder replacement system, which is widely used by shoulder surgeons around the world.

    Dr. Flatow has received numerous honors and awards, including the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon's Neer Award, the organization's highest award for shoulder research, which he has won four times. He has helped to train many of the nation's leading shoulder surgeons, has chaired or served on the faculty of most of the major national shoulder courses, and has been a sought-after speaker in Europe, Asia, South America, and Australia. He has written five books and over 170 articles and book chapters.

    Listen to Dr. Flatow discuss repetitive stress disorder (carpel tunnel disorder) and reduction techniques.

    Listen to Dr. Flatow discuss rotator cuff injury and tendon tear of the shoulder.

    Interdisciplinary Team Advances Care in Orthopedic Oncology at Mount Sinai

    In the News

    Dr. Flatow and his work with rotator cuff injuries were recently profiled in The Daily News feature The Daily Check Up. View the PDF.


  • April 1994 -
    Clinician Investigator Award
    National Institute of Health/NIAMSD

  • 2009 -
    Best Doctors
    New York Magazine

  • 1992, 1994, 1996 -
    The Neer Award for Excellence in Shoulder Research
    American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons


Specific Clinical/Research Interests: Rotator cuff; tendon failure; shoulder mechanics; shoulder replacement

Postdoctoral Fellows: Nelly Andarawis, PhD

Summary of Research Studies:
Dr. Evan Flatow is a shoulder surgeon with clinical research interests in shoulder fractures, rotator cuff disorders, and shoulder replacement.  He has basic research interests in shoulder mechanics, gene expression in shoulder tendons, and mechanisms of tendon failure. Dr. Flatow's primary current basic research effort is in developing and validating a rat model of fatigue damage accumulation in tendons, which can then be used to characterize tendon injury and the effect of biologic perturbations.


Wang VM, Banack TM, Tsai CW, Flatow EL, Jepsen KJ. Variability in tendon and knee joint biomechanics among inbred mouse strains. J Orthop Res 2006 Jun; 24(6): 1200-1207.

Huang CY, Wang VM, Pawluk RJ, Bucchieri JS, Levine WN, Bigliani LU, Mow VC, Flatow EL. Inhomogeneous mechanical behavior of the human supraspinatus tendon under uniaxial loading. J Orthop Res 2005 Jul; 23(4): 924-930.

Wang VM, Flatow EL. Pathomechanics of acquired shoulder instability: a basic science perspective. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2005 Jan-Feb; 14(1 Suppl S): 2S-11S.

Kelkar R, Wang VM, Flatow EL, Newton PM, Ateshian GA, Bigliani LU, Pawluk RJ, Mow VC. Glenohumeral Mechanics: A Study of Articular Geometry, Contact, and Kinematics. J. Shoulder Elbow Surg 2001; 10: 73-84.

Roh MS, Wang VM, April EW, Pollock RG, Bigliani LU, Flatow EL. Anterior and posterior musculotendinous anatomy of the supraspinatus. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2000 Sep-Oct; 9(5): 436-40.

Park J, Levine WN, Marra G, Pollock RG, Flatow EL, Bigliani LU. Portal-extension approach for repair of small and medium rotator cuff tears. American Journal of Sports Medicine 2000; 28: 312-316.

Huang C, Pawluk RJ, Wang VM, Levine WN, Flatow EL. Measurement of Strain Gradients in the Supraspinatus Tendon Using a Multiple Strain Field Measurement System. Trans 2000; 25: 400.

Levine WN, Arroyo JS, Flatow EL, Bigliani LU. Open Revision Stabilization Surgery for Recurrent Anterior Glenohumeral Instability. Am J Sports Med 2000; 28: 156-160.

Vitale MG, Krant JJ, Gelijns AC, Heitjan DF, Arons RR, Bigliani LU, Flatow E. Geographic variations in the rates of operative procedures involving the shoulder, including total. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1999 Jun; 81(6): 763-772.

BACKGROUND: Although geographic variations in the rates of orthopaedic procedures have been well documented, considerable controversy remains regarding the factors that drive these variations, particularly the role of the availability of orthopaedic surgeons. Moreover, little attention has been specifically focused on variations in the rates of commonly performed shoulder procedures. METHODS: The current study documents state-to-state variations in the rates of total shoulder replacement, humeral head replacement, and rotator cuff repair and examines factors that might account for these variations. The regional incidences of these three procedures were analyzed with use of the Health Care Financing Administration Medicare database (MEDPAR, 1992). The rates were age-adjusted, and variations were measured with use of high:low ratios, variation coefficients, and systematic components of variation. Potential causes of variation were analyzed with use of Spearman and partial correlations as well as with Poisson regression. RESULTS: Rates for the three procedures that were studied varied from one state to another by as much as tenfold. Humeral head replacement had the lowest rate of variation according to all three measures. All three procedures were performed less often in states that were more densely populated. With the numbers available for study, no consistent, significant relationship was found between the density of orthopaedists and shoulder surgeons and the rates of any procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The striking variations that were noted for these commonly performed procedures showed that there is a clear need for well designed clinical research to further define the factors that account for the variations and to examine the effectiveness and appropriate indications for the procedures.

Industry Relationships

Physicians and scientists on the faculty of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai often interact with pharmaceutical, device and biotechnology companies to improve patient care, develop new therapies and achieve scientific breakthroughs. In order to promote an ethical and transparent environment for conducting research, providing clinical care and teaching, Mount Sinai requires that salaried faculty inform the School of their relationships with such companies.

Below are financial relationships with industry reported by Dr. Flatow during 2015 and/or 2016. Please note that this information may differ from information posted on corporate sites due to timing or classification differences.

Other Activities: Examples include, but are not limited to, committee participation, data safety monitoring board (DSMB) membership.

  • Zimmer, Inc.

Royalty Payments:

  • Innomed, Inc.; Zimmer, Inc.

Mount Sinai's faculty policies relating to faculty collaboration with industry are posted on our website. Patients may wish to ask their physician about the activities they perform for companies.

Insurance Information

Physicians who provide services at hospitals and facilities in the Mount Sinai Health System might not participate in the same health plans as those Mount Sinai hospitals and facilities (even if the physicians are employed or contracted by those hospitals or facilities).

Information regarding insurance participation and billing by this physician may be found on this page, and can also be obtained by contacting this provider directly. Because physicians insurance participation can change, the insurance information on this page may not always be up-to-date. Please contact this physician directly to obtain the most up-to-date insurance information.

Insurance and health plan networks that the various Mount Sinai Health System hospitals and facilities participate in can be found on the Mount Sinai Health System website.

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