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Maria Padilla

  • PROFESSOR Medicine, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
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  • Pulmonary Disease

  • American Board of Internal Medicine


  • Critical Care Medicine


  • MD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

  • Residency, Internal Medicine
    Mount Sinai Hospital

  • Fellowship, Pulmonary
    Mount Sinai Hospital


    After completing her pulmonary fellowship at Mount Sinai School of Medicine and The Mount Sinai Medical Center, Dr. Padilla pursued her studies in lung transplantation by attending the programs at Toronto General Hospital and Stanford University. She was the co-founder of the program at The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. During her fellowship training, Dr. Padilla conducted research in pathology, developing models of pulmonary diseases under the mentorship of Dr. Jerome Kleinerman. She also participated in clinical research in Sarcoidosis and Interstitial Lung Diseases. She is a United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) certified transplant pulmonologist and a member of the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT). She served on the editorial and scientific advisory boards of the World Association of Sarcoidsosis and Other Granulomatous Diseases (WASOG). Dr. Padilla is a committee member of the Interstitial Lung Disease Network of the American College of Chest Physicians, and is also a steering committee member of the Pulmonary Fibrosis Indentification: Lessons for Optimizing Treatment (PILOT). She serves on the medical advisory boards of the Coalition for Pulmonary Fibrosis, the Sarcoidosis Research Foundation, the Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome Network, and the Scleroderma Foundation, Tri-State Chapter. She is a graduate of the Executive Leadership of American Medicine (ELAM) program.

    Dr. Padilla is board certified in Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care Medicine. She is the Director of the Advanced Lung /Interstitial Lung Disease Program and the Medical Director of the Lung Transplantation Program at The Mount Sinai Medical Center. She is also involved in the Sarcoidosis Service and the adult Cystic Fibrosis program. She is a consultant to other transplant programs at our institution, and is also the principal investigator of clinical research projects. Dr. Padilla specializes in the treatment of diffuse interstitial lung diseases, including idiopathic interstital pneumonia, acute interstital pneumonia, lymphocytic interstital pneumonia, non-specific interstital pneumonia, organizing pneumonia, bronchiollitis obliterans, and hypersensitivity pneumonia.  She also specializes in lung diseases associated with rheumatologic disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, dermatomyositis, mixed connective tissue disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. In addition, she also treats drug-induced lung disease, mycobacterial lung disease, Langerhans cell hystiocytosis, lymphangioleimyomatosis, pulmonary vasculitis, alveolar hemorrhage, and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.


  • 2009 -
    Best Doctors
    New York Magazine

  • 2003 -
    The Dr Sidney Grossman Distinguished Humanitarian Award
    Alumni Association, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

  • 2001 -
    2000 Physician of the Year Award
    Nursing Department, MSMC

  • 2001 -
    Healthcare Foundation of New Jersey Humanism in Medicine Faculty Award\t

  • 1999 -
    Saul Horowitz Jr. Memorial Award
    Mount Sinai School of Medicine

  • 1996 -
    Distinguished Service Award
    The Samuel Bronfman Department of Medicine, MSMC

  • 1989 -
    Distinguished Teacher Award
    The Samuel Bronfman Department of Medicine, MSMC

  • 1987 - 1990
    Henry and Catherine Gaisman Fellowship

  • 1982 - 1987
    Pulmonary Academic Award (NIH)\t

  • 1980 - 1981
    American Lung Association Fellowship

  • 1975 -
    Dr. Alan Guttmacher Award

  • 1974 -
    Alpha Omega Alpha

  • 1971 - 1975
    Max Som Scholarship


Dr. Padilla's research interests include investigation of fibrogenesis and the various manifestations of this process in different diseases (Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Sarcoidosis, Collagen Vascular associated pulmonary fibrosis, genetic associated pulmonary fibrosis, Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome, bronchiolitis obliterans among others). She conducts clinical investigations in the treatment and course of these diseases and participates in collaborative multicenter studies to advance the understanding and knowledge of these illnesses. She is the principal investigator of the INSPIRE trial investigating the safety and efficacy of Interferon gamma on the survival of patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Additional studies investigating early markers of interstitial lung disease, therapies for secondary pulmonary hypertension and the efficacy of certain agents on the pulmonary fibrosis associated with Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome, are in development.

Pulmonary Fibrosis and Interstitial Lung Disease Program


Padilla ML, Lesser M, Galiki N, Kleinerman J. High Cathepsin-B activity in alveolar macrophages occurs with elastase - induced emphysema but not with bleomycin - induced pulmonary fibrosis in hamsters. Amer J of Path 1988 Apr; 131(1): 92-101.

Lesser M, Padilla ML, Cardozo C, Orlowski M. Induction of emphysema in hamsters by intratracheal instillation of Cathepsin-B. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992 Mar; 145(3): 661-668.

Cardozo C, Padilla ML, Choi HS H, Lesser M. Goblet cell hyperplasia in large intrapulmonary airways after intratracheal injection of Cathepsin-B into hamsters. Am Rev Respir Dis 1992 Mar; 145(3): 675-679.

Henzlova MJ, Padilla ML, Freilich A, Gass AL, Courtney MC, Diamond JA, Machac J. Dobutamine thallium 201 perfusion imaging in candidates for lung transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant 1995 Mar-Apr; 14(2): 251-256.

Padilla ML, Schilero GJ, Teirstein AS. Sarcoidosis and Transplantation. Sarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Disease 1997 Mar; 14(1): 16-22.

Lenner R, Padilla M, Gass A. Complication in heart transplant recipients. Chest 2001 Aug; 120(2): 508-513.

Sulica R, Teirstein A, Padilla M. Lung transplantation in interstitial lung disease. Current Opinion in Pulmonary medicine 2001 Sep; 7(5): 314-322.

Padilla M, Schilero GJ, Teirstein AS. Donor-Acquired Sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2002 Mar; 19(1): 18-24.

Padilla M. Pulmonary Circulation: Basic Mechanisms to Clinical Practice. Chest 2003; 124: 1183.

Industry Relationships

Physicians and scientists on the faculty of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai often interact with pharmaceutical, device and biotechnology companies to improve patient care, develop new therapies and achieve scientific breakthroughs. In order to promote an ethical and transparent environment for conducting research, providing clinical care and teaching, Mount Sinai requires that salaried faculty inform the School of their relationships with such companies.

Below are financial relationships with industry reported by Dr. Padilla during 2015 and/or 2016. Please note that this information may differ from information posted on corporate sites due to timing or classification differences.


  • Boehringer Ingelheim Corporation

Industry-Sponsored Lectures: MSSM faculty occasionally give lectures at events sponsored by industry, but only if the events are free of any marketing purpose.

  • Boehringer Ingelheim Corporation

Mount Sinai's faculty policies relating to faculty collaboration with industry are posted on our website. Patients may wish to ask their physician about the activities they perform for companies.

Insurance Information

Physicians who provide services at hospitals and facilities in the Mount Sinai Health System might not participate in the same health plans as those Mount Sinai hospitals and facilities (even if the physicians are employed or contracted by those hospitals or facilities).

Information regarding insurance participation and billing by this physician may be found on this page, and can also be obtained by contacting this provider directly. Because physicians insurance participation can change, the insurance information on this page may not always be up-to-date. Please contact this physician directly to obtain the most up-to-date insurance information.

Insurance and health plan networks that the various Mount Sinai Health System hospitals and facilities participate in can be found on the Mount Sinai Health System website.

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