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Mark Baxter

  • PROFESSOR Neuroscience
  • PROFESSOR Anesthesiology
  • PROFESSOR Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine
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Training Areas


  • PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


    Mark Baxter studies the neurobiology of cognitive function, with particular focus on how impaired cognition in different disease states is related to abnormalities in defined neural systems. Current areas of investigation include the long-term effects of exposure to general anesthesia, the relationship between synaptic health and cognitive function in aging, and the brain-wide circuits for memory consolidation.


Baxter Laboratory, The Glickenhaus Laboratory of Neuropsychology


Raper J, Alvarado MC, Murphy KL, Baxter MG. Multiple Anesthetic Exposure in Infant Monkeys Alters Emotional Reactivity to an Acute Stressor. Anesthesiology 2015; 123: 1084-1092.

Koike H, Demars MP, Short JA, Nabel EM, Akbarian S, Baxter MG, Morishita H. Chemogenetic Inactivation of Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex Neurons Disrupts Attentional Behavior in Mouse. Neuropsychopharmacology 2015 Jul;.

Amrock LG, Starner ML, Murphy KL, Baxter MG. Long-term Effects of Single or Multiple Neonatal Sevoflurane Exposures on Rat Hippocampal Ultrastructure. Anesthesiology 2015; 122: 87-95.

Morrison JH, Baxter MG. Synaptic Health. JAMA Psychiatry 2014; 71: 835-837.

O'Reilly JX, Croxson PL, Jbabdi S, Sallet J, Noonan MP, Mars RB, Browning PG, Wilson CR, Mitchell AS, Miller KL, Rushworth MF, Baxter MG. Causal effect of disconnection lesions on interhemispheric functional connectivity in rhesus monkeys. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2013; 110: 13982-13987.

Baxter MG, Roberts MT, Gee NA, Lasley BL, Morrison JH, Rapp PR. Multiple clinically relevant hormone therapy regimens fail to improve cognitive function in aged ovariectomized rhesus monkeys. Neurobiology of Aging 2013; 34: 1882-1890.

Croxson PL, Browning PG, Gaffan D, Baxter MG. Acetylcholine facilitates recovery of episodic memory after brain damage. Journal of Neuroscience 2012; 32: 13787-13795.

Morrison JH, Baxter MG. The ageing cortical synapse: Hallmarks and implications for cognitive decline. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2012; 13: 240-250.

Croxson PL, Kyriazis DA, Baxter MG. Cholinergic modulation of a specific memory function of prefrontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience 2011; 14: 1510-1512.

Baxter MG. Involvement of medial temporal lobe structures in memory and perception. Neuron 2009; 61: 667-677.

Industry Relationships

Physicians and scientists on the faculty of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai often interact with pharmaceutical, device and biotechnology companies to improve patient care, develop new therapies and achieve scientific breakthroughs. In order to promote an ethical and transparent environment for conducting research, providing clinical care and teaching, Mount Sinai requires that salaried faculty inform the School of their relationships with such companies.

Dr. Baxter did not report having any of the following types of financial relationships with industry during 2014 and/or 2015: consulting, scientific advisory board, industry-sponsored lectures, service on Board of Directors, participation on industry-sponsored committees, equity ownership valued at greater than 5% of a publicly traded company or any value in a privately held company. Please note that this information may differ from information posted on corporate sites due to timing or classification differences.

Mount Sinai's faculty policies relating to faculty collaboration with industry are posted on our website. Patients may wish to ask their physician about the activities they perform for companies.

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