Please see recent children's environmental health-related articles from the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit (PEHSU) staff. 

Artificial Turf

Claudio L. Synthetic turf: health debate takes root. Environ Health Perspect 116(3):A116-22, 2008.


Stingone JA, Claudio L. Disparities in allergy testing and health outcomes among urban children with asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 122(4):748-53, 2008.

Claudio L, Stingone JA, Godbold J. Prevalence of childhood asthma in urban communities: the impact of ethnicity and income. Ann Epidemiol 16(5):332-40, 2006.

Downes MJ, Roy A, McGinn TG, Wisnivesky JP.Factors Associated with Furry Pet Ownership Among Patients with Asthma.J Asthma. 2010 Aug 5. 

Roy A, Wisnivesky JP.Racial and ethnic differences in the use of environmental control practices among children with asthma. J Asthma. 2010 Jun;47(5):507-12.

Roy A, Lurslurchachai L, Halm EA, Li XM, Leventhal H, Wisnivesky JP.Use of herbal remedies and adherence to inhaled corticosteroids among inner-city asthmatic patients. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2010 Feb;104(2):132-8.

Chemicals in Breast Milk

Landrigan PJ, Sonawane B, Mattison D, McCally M, Garg A. Chemical contaminants in breast milk and their impacts on children's health: An overview. Environ Health Perspect 110:A313-A315, 2002.

Endocrine Disruptors

Wolff MS, Engel SE, Berkowitz Gs, et al. Prenatal Phenol and Phthalate Exposures and Birth Outcomes. Environ Health Perspect 116: 1092-1097, 2008.

Wolff MS, Teitelbaum S, WindhamG, et al. Pilot Study Of Urinary Biomarkers Of Phytoestrogens, Phthalates, and Phenols In Girls. Environ Health Perspect 115: 116-121, 2007.

Wolff MS. Endocrine disruptors: Challenges for Environmental Research in the 21st Century. Ann NY Acad Sci 1076: 228-238, 2006.

Flame Retardants (BFRs and PBDEs)

Morland KB, Landrigan PJ, Sjödin A, et al. Body Burdens of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers among Urban Anglers. Environ Health Perspect 113:1689-1692, 2005.

Healthy Homes

Rauh VA, Landrigan PJ, Claudio L. Housing and health: intersection of poverty and environmental exposures. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:276-88, 2008.

Health Policy/ Practice

Trasande L, Ziebold C, Schiff JS, Wallinga D, McGovern P, Oberg CN. The role of the environment in pediatric practice in Minnesota: attitudes, beliefs, and practices. Minn Med 91(9):36-9, 2008.

Trasande L, Boscarino J, Graber N, et al. The environment in pediatric practice: a study of New York pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices towards children's environmental health. J Urban Health 83(4):760-72, 2006.

Goldman L, Falk H, Landrigan PJ, Balk SJ, Reigart JR, Etzel RA. Environmental pediatrics and its impact on government health policy. Pediatrics 113(4 Suppl):1146-57, 2004.

Landrigan PJ, Kimmel CA, Correa A, Eskenazi B. Children's Health and the Environment: Public Health Issues and Challenges for Risk Assessment. Environ Health Perspect 112:257-265, 2003.

Landrigan PJ, Schechter CB, Lipton JM, Fahs MC, Schwartz J. Environmental pollutants and disease in American children: Estimates of morbidity, mortality and costs for lead poisoning, asthma, cancer and developmental disabilities. Environ Health Perspect 110:721-728, 2002.

Landrigan PJ, Rauh VA, Galvez MP. Environmental justice and the health of children. Mt Sinai J Med. 2010 Mar;77(2):178-87

Landrigan PJ, Woolf AD, Gitterman B, Lanphear B, Forman J, Karr C, Moshier EL, Godbold J, Crain E. The ambulatory pediatric association fellowship in pediatric environmental health: a 5-year assessment. Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Oct;115(10):1383-7.

Paulson JA, Karr CJ, Seltzer JM, Cherry DC, Sheffield PE, Cifuentes E, Buka I, Amler RW.Development of the pediatric environmental health specialty unit network in North America. Am J Public Health. 2009 Nov;99 Suppl 3:S511-6.

Sheffield P. Emetics, cathartics, and gastric lavage. Pediatr Rev. 2008 Jun;29(6):214-5; discussion 215.

Roberts JR, Balk SJ, Forman J, Shannon M. Teaching about pediatric environmental health. Acad Pediatr. 2009 Mar-Apr;9(2):129-30.


Fewtrell LJ, Prüss A, Landrigan PJ, Ayuso-Mateos JL. Estimating the global burden of disease from environmental lead exposure. Environ Res 94:120-133, 2004.

Galvez M, Vanable L, Forman JA, et al. Childhood lead poisoning from commercially manufactured French ceramic dinnerware--New York City, 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 53(26):584-6, 2004.

Landrigan PJ, Todd AC: Direct measurement of lead in bone: A promising biomarker. JAMA 271:239-240, 1994.

Landrigan PJ, Baker EL, Feldman RH, et al. Increased lead absorption with anemia and slowed nerve conduction in children near a lead smelter. J Pediatr 89:904-910, 1976.

Landrigan PJ, Whitworth RH, Baloh RW, Barthel WF, Staehling NW, Rosenblum BF. Neuropsychological dysfunction in children with chronic low-level lead absorption. Lancet 1:708-712, 1975.

Landrigan PJ, Gehlbach SH, Rosenblum BF, et al. Epidemic lead absorption near an ore smelter: the role of particulate lead. New Engl J Med 292:123-129, 1975.

Miodovnik A, Landrigan PJ. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration risk assessment on lead in women's and children's vitamins is based on outdated assumptions Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Jul;117(7):1021-2. Epub 2009 Mar 25.


Trasande L, Schechter C, Haynes KA, Landrigan PJ. Applying cost analyses to drive policy that protects children: mercury as a case study. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1076:911-23, 2006.

Trasande L, Schechter C, Landrigan PJ. Public Health and Economic Consequences of Environmental Methyl Mercury Toxicity to the Developing Brain. Environ Health Perspect 113:590-596, 2005.

Trasande L, Schechter C, Haynes KA, Landrigan PJ. Mental Retardation and Prenatal Methylmercury Toxicity. Am J Ind Med 153-158, 2005.

National Children's Study

Landrigan PJ, Trasande L, Thorpe LE, et al. The National Children's Study: A 21-year prospective study of 100,000 American children. Pediatrics 118(5):2173-2186, 2006.

Landrigan P, Garg A, Droller DBJ. Assessing the Effects of Endocrine Disruptors in the National Children's Study. Environ Health Perspect 111:1678-1682, 2003.

Berkowitz GS, Wolff MS, Matte T, Susser E, Landrigan PJ. The rationale for a national prospective cohort study of environmental exposure and childhood development. Environ Res 85:59-68, 2000.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Grandjean P, Landrigan PJ. Developmental Neurotoxicity of industrial chemicals: A silent pandemic. Lancet 368(9553):2167-2178, 2006.

Landrigan PJ, Sonawane B, Butler RN, Trasande L, Callan R, Droller D. Early Environmental Origins of Neurodegenerative Disease in Later Life. Environ Health Perspect 113:1230-1230, 2005.

Magdo HS, Forman J, Graber N, Newman B, Klein K, Satlin L, Amler RW, Winston JA, Landrigan PJ. Grand rounds: nephrotoxicity in a young child exposed to uranium from contaminated well water. Environ Health Perspect. 2007 Aug;115(8):1237-41.


Galvez MP, Frieden TR, Landrigan PJ. Obesity in the 21st century. Environ Health Perspect 2003 Oct;111(13):A684-5.

Galvez MP, Morland K, Raines C, Kobil J, Siskind J, Godbold J, Brenner. B.  Race and food store availability in an inner-city neighbourhood. Public Health Nutr. 2008 Jun;11(6):624-31.

Galvez MP, Pearl M, Yen IH. Childhood obesity and the built environment. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2010 Apr;22(2):202-7. Review.

Galvez MP, Hong L, Choi E, Liao L, Godbold J, Brenner B. Childhood obesity and neighborhood food-store availability in an inner-city community. Acad Pediatr. 2009 Sep-Oct;9(5):339-43. Epub 2009 Jun 27.

Gordon RR, La Merrill M, Hunter KW, Sørensen P, Threadgill DW, Pomp D. Dietary fat-dependent transcriptional architecture and copy number alterations associated with modifiers of mammary cancer metastasis. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2010 May;27(5):279-93. Epub 2010 Mar 31.

La Merrill M, Harper R, Birnbaum LS, Cardiff RD, Threadgill DW. Maternal dioxin exposure combined with a diet high in fat increases mammary cancer incidence in mice.  Environ Health Perspect. 2010 May;118(5):596-601.

La Merrill M, Gordon RR, Hunter KW, Threadgill DW, Pomp D.Dietary fat alters pulmonary metastasis of mammary cancers through cancer autonomous and non-autonomous changes in gene expression. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2010 Feb;27(2):107-16. Epub 2010 Feb 12.

La Merrill M, Kuruvilla BS, Pomp D, Birnbaum LS, Threadgill DW. Dietary fat alters body composition, mammary development, and cytochrome p450 induction after maternal TCDD exposure in DBA/2J mice with low-responsive aryl hydrocarbon receptors. Environ Health Perspect. 2009 Sep;117(9):1414-9. Epub 2009 May 18.

Gordon RR, Hunter KW, La Merrill M, Sørensen P, Threadgill DW, Pomp D. Genotype X diet interactions in mice predisposed to mammary cancer: II. Tumors and metastasis. Mamm Genome. 2008 Mar;19(3):179-89. Epub 2008 Feb 21.

La Merrill M, Baston DS, Denison MS, Birnbaum LS, Pomp D, Threadgill DW. Mouse breast cancer model-dependent changes in metabolic syndrome-associated phenotypes caused by maternal dioxin exposure and dietary fat. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jan;296(1):E203-10. Epub 2008 Oct 7.


Morland K, Wolff M, Bopp R, Godbold J, Landrigan P. Fish consumption and body burden of organochlorines among lower Hudson urban anglers. Am J Ind Med 51(8):587-94, 2008.

Engel SE, Berkowitz GS, Dana B, et al. Prenatal Organophosphate Metabolite and Organochlorine Levels and Performance on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale in a Multiethnic Pregnancy Cohort. Amer J Epidemiol 165:1397-404, 2007.

Cohn BA, Wolff MS, Cirillo PM, Sholtz RI. DDT and Breast Cancer in Young Women: New Data on the Significance of Age at Exposure. Environ Health Perspect 115:1406-1414, 2007.

Wolff MS, Deych E, Ojo F, Berkowitz GS. Predictors of organochlorines in NYC pregnant women, 1998-2001. Environ res 97:170-177, 2005.

Fenske RA, Bradman A, Whyatt RM, Wolff MS, Barr DB. Lessons learned for the assessment of children's pesticide exposure: critical sampling and analytical issues for future studies. Environ Health Perspect 113(10):1455-62, 2005.

Brenner BL, Markowitz S, Rivera M, et al. Integrated Pest Management in an Urban Community - A Successful Partnership for Prevention. Environ Health Perspect 111:1649-1653, 2003.

Berkowitz GS, Obel J, Deych E, et al. Exposure to indoor pesticides during pregnancy in a multiethnic urban cohort. Environ Health Perspect 111:79-84, 2003.


Engel SM, Miodovnik A, Canfield RL, Zhu C, Silva MJ, Calafat AM, Wolff MS. Prenatal phthalate exposure is associated with childhood behavior and executive functioning. Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Apr;118(4):565-71. Epub 2010 Jan 8.

Engel SM, Zhu C, Berkowitz GS, Calafat AM, Silva MJ, Miodovnik A, Wolff MS. Prenatal phthalate exposure and performance on the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale in a multiethnic birth cohort. Neurotoxicology. 2009 Jul;30(4):522-8. Epub 2009 Apr 16.


Britton JA, Wolff MS, Lapinski R, Forman J, Hochman S, Kabat GC, Godbold J, Larson S, Berkowitz GS.Characteristics of pubertal development in a multi-ethnic population of nine-year-old girls. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Mar;14(3):179-87.

Biro FM, Galvez MP, Greenspan LC, Succop PA, Vangeepuram N, Pinney SM, Teitelbaum S, Windham GC, Kushi LH, Wolff MS. Pubertal assessment method and baseline characteristics in a mixed longitudinal study of girls. Pediatrics. 2010 Sep;126(3):e583-90. Epub 2010 Aug 9.

Wolff MS, Britton JA, Boguski L, et al. Environmental exposures and puberty in inner-city girls. Environ Res 107: 393-400, 2008.

World Trade Center -- Children and Pregnant Women

Landrigan PJ, Forman J, Galvez M, Newman B, Engel SM, Chemtob C. Impact of September 11 World Trade Center disaster on children and pregnant women.Mt Sinai J Med. 2008 Mar-Apr;75(2):129-34. Trasande L, Boscarino J, Graber N, Falk R, Schechter C, Galvez M, Dunkel G, Geslani J, Moline J, Kaplan-Liss E, Miller RK, Korfmacher K, Carpenter D, Forman J, Balk SJ, Laraque D, Frumkin H, Landrigan P. The environment in pediatric practice: a study of New York pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and practices towards children's environmental health. J Urban Health. 2006 Jul;83(4):760-72.

Galvez MP, Peters R, Graber N, Forman J. Effective risk communication in children's environmental health: lessons learned from 9/11. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2007 Feb;54(1):33-46, viii.

Wolff MS, Teitelbaum SL, Lioy PJ, et al. Exposures among Pregnant Women near the World Trade Center Site on 9/11. Environ Health Perspect 113:739-48, 2005.

Engel SM, Berkowitz GS, Wolff MS, Yehuda R. Psychological trauma associated with the World Trade Center attacks and its effect on pregnancy outcome. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 19:334-341, 2005.