Academic Informatics and Technology

Ginzburg, Leon, MD, Papers, 1927-1987

Summary

Creator: Leon Ginzburg, M.D.
Title: Papers
Dates: 1927-1987
Volume: 1 boxes, 2.5 inches

Preface

These papers were donated to the Archives by Dr. Arthur H. Aufses, Jr. in 2007. Dr. Ginzburg’s Jacobi Medal had been given to the Archives in 2005 by the Mount Sinai Alumni. It was placed with these papers. The finding aid was created by Nicholas Webb in 2010.

Some folders from this collection have been scanned and are accessible to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository. To request access to the Repository, please contact the Mount Sinai Archives.

Biography

Leon Ginzburg was born in New York City in 1898. He attended DeWitt Clinton High School and received bachelor's and medical degrees at Columbia University. He served on the house staff of The Mount Sinai Hospital and became an Adjunct Surgeon in 1926.

As an Adjunct Surgeon at Mount Sinai, Ginzburg served under the eminent surgeon Dr. A.A. Berg, who charged him and his colleague Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer with reviewing surgical specimens in the pathology laboratory. Ginzburg and Oppenheimer developed a particular interest in diseases of the bowel and began a project to describe and categorize their specimens of bowel tumors and strictures. Of the fifty-two specimens they examined, twelve did not fit any previously described pattern of symptoms1.

At Dr. Berg's insistence, Ginzburg and Oppenheimer shared their research and a draft paper with Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, an Internist who had been collaborating with Dr. Berg on the treatment of two patients with similar symptoms. Crohn made additions to this paper and presented it to the May 13, 1932 meeting of the Gastroenterology section of the American Medical Association. The paper was later published in the October 15, 1932 issue of JAMA. As Dr. Berg declined to be listed as a co-author of the paper, it was published under the alphabetically listed names of Crohn, Ginzburg and Oppenheimer. Dr. Ginzburg, meanwhile, had presented a paper on his and Oppenheimer's findings to the American Gastroenterological Association on May 2, 1932. This paper was eventually published in the 1932 AGA Transactions and (in expanded form) in the December 1933 Annals of Surgery.

These papers introduced the diagnosis of "terminal ileitis," which was later revised to "regional ileitis" and eventually to "regional enteritis." Due to Dr. Crohn's activities in presenting the diagnosis to a wide audience of physicians and the fact that his name was first on the paper, "Crohn's disease" became the name by which regional enteritis was commonly known.

In 1937 Ginzburg became an Associate Surgeon at Mount Sinai. He remained on the hospital staff throughout his career. In 1940 he became Surgical Director of the Harlem Hospital. In 1942 he joined the staff of the 3rd General Hospital, the U.S. Army unit affiliated with Mount Sinai. He served in North Africa and Europe and eventually reached the rank of Major. In 1947 he was appointed director of surgery at Beth Israel Hospital in Manhattan, where he served until 1967.

In 1963 Ginzburg received the Jacobi Medallion from the Associated Alumni of The Mount Sinai Medical Center. Two years later he was elected president of the Alumni Association. A gift from the Gaisman family in 1965 established the Ginzburg Surgery Fellowship at Mount Sinai. Catherine Vance Gaisman had been a Mount Sinai nurse who also served in the 3rd General and they remained close. In 1975 he was honored by Beth Israel with the establishment of the annual Leon Ginzburg Lecture.

Late in life Ginzburg became interested in establishing the record of his role in the description of regional enteritis. In 1974 he published a retrospective article, "The Road to Regional Enteritis," in The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, and in the years preceding his death he carried on an active correspondence on this subject. Ginzburg died in Manhattan in 1988.

Sources: obituaries, biographical subject file; Crohn, Ginzburg and Oppenheimer. "Regional Ileitis: A Pathologic and Clinical Entity." JAMA, October 15, 1932; 99: 1323-1329; "Early History of Regional Enteritis," folder 5; letter to the editor of Gastroenterology, folder 13; remarks by Ralph Colp, folder 16; J.H. Baron, "Inflammatory Bowel Disease up to 1932," Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine vol. 67 no. 3 (May 2000).

Scope and Content

The majority of this collection consists of material regarding Dr. Ginzburg's efforts to document his role in the discovery and description of regional enteritis. Correspondence with numerous younger surgeons (folder 2) and with the editor of Gastroenterology (folder 13) document Ginzburg's interest in recording this story for posterity. He would frequently provide correspondents with a set of five exhibits (folders 3 through 7) supporting his claims.

Dr. Ginzburg's interest in the history of The Mount Sinai Hospital is represented by a small assortment of handwritten notes and by the typescript of an undated speech recounting the Hospital's history from 1905 to 1941. His outstanding reputation as a "surgeon's surgeon" is documented by a copy of the remarks delivered by Dr. Ralph Colp on the occasion of the establishment of the Ginzburg Surgery Fellowship in 1965. The collection also contains an assortment of Dr. Ginzburg's reprints on regional enteritis and various other medical subjects.

Restriction Note: The collection contains several pages of medical records from 1930 that document Dr. Ginzburg's treatment of a patient suffering from what would eventually become known as regional enteritis. Because they contain personal health information, these records are closed.

Subjects

  • Crohn Disease - History
  • Enteritis, Regional - History
  • Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.) - History
  • Mount Sinai Medical Center (New York, N.Y.) - Dept. of Surgery

Container List

Box

Folder

Contents

1

1

Article Reprints, 1927-1974

 

2

Correspondence, 1984-1986

 

3

Exhibit A: Program of 1932 American Medical Association conference section on gastroenterology - Photocopy with annotations by L. Ginzburg, circa 1985
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/300

 

4

Exhibit B1: Letter from Burrill B. Crohn to President of Mount Sinai Alumni Association, 3/5/1970 - Photocopy with annotations by L. Ginzburg, circa 1985; typescript by L. Ginzburg criticizing letter, circa 1985
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/302

 

5

Exhibit B2: Paul J. Kovalcik, “Early History of Regional Enteritis” - Article Reprint, 1982

 

6

Exhibit C: “Regional Ileitis: A Pathologic and Clinical Entity” - Reprint of 1932 article by B.B. Crohn, L. Ginzburg and G.D. Oppenheimer with annotations by L. Ginzburg circa 1984

 

7

Exhibit D: Transcript excerpts of interview (1965) with Dr. Asher Winkelstein with annotations by L. Ginzburg circa 1984
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/305

 

8

Granulomatous Disease of the Bowel (“Crohn’s Disease”) - Typescript of speech, n.d.
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/301

 

9

History of Mount Sinai Hospital - Notes, n.d.

 

10

History of Mount Sinai Hospital, 1905-1941 - Typescript of speech, n.d.

 

11

History of Regional Enteritis - Notes, n.d.; Memoir of Burrill B. Crohn, photocopy with annotations by L. Ginzburg, n.d.
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/303

 

12

History of Regional Enteritis pre-1932 (Dalziel, Lesniowski, etc.) - Article photocopies and excerpts, 1979-1987

 

13

Letter to the Editor of Gastroenterology - Drafts, correspondence with editorial assistant and published version, 1985-1986
The contents of this folder have been scanned. Scans are available to logged-in users of the Mount Sinai Digital Repository at http://dspace.mssm.edu/handle/123456789/304

 

14

National Foundation for Ileitis and Colitis - “Questions and Answers about Ileitis and Colitis,” pamphlet circa 1970; Photocopy of plaque honoring L. Ginzburg, 1968

 

15

Regional Enteritis - Typescript of article [?], n.d.

 

16

Remarks by Ralph Colp and Leon Ginzburg on the establishment of the Ginzburg Surgery Fellowship - Typescript, 1965

 

17

“Segmental Enteritis - Surgical Aspects” (textbook chapter) - Typescript and correspondence, 1956

 

18

Patient - Case Records, 1930-1955 (CLOSED)

 

19

Jacobi Medal, 1963 - encased in acrylic

Processed 11/2010 NW