Yuval Itan, PhD
- ASSISTANT PROFESSOR | Genetics and Genomic Sciences
Research Topics:Bioinformatics, Biomedical Informatics, Biomedical Sciences, Biostatistics, Clinical Genomics, Computational Biology, Computer Simulation, Evolution, Gene Discovery, Genetics, Genomics, Immune Deficiency, Infectious Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), Mathematical Modeling of Biomedical Systems, Mathematical and Computational Biology, Neural Networks, Obesity, Parkinson's Disease, Personalized Medicine, Proteomics, Systems Biology, Technology & Innovation, Theoretical Biology, Translational Research
Dr. Yuval Itan is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences and a core member of The Charles Bronfman Institute for Personalized Medicine, at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City.
The main focus of the Itan lab is investigating human disease genomics for enhancing precision medicine, by developing new computational methods to detect disease-causing mutations and genes in next generation sequencing data of patients, and by performing cases-controls studies of patient cohorts to identify new genetic etiologies of human diseases.
The Itan lab applies and combines diverse approaches across computer science and biology, including machine learning, natural language processing, bioinformatics, statistical genomics, modelings and simulations, and population genetics.
Multi-Disciplinary Training AreasArtificial Intelligence and Emerging Technologies in Medicine [AIET], Genetics and Genomic Sciences [GGS]
BSc, Bar-Ilan University
PhD, University College London
Postdoc, The Rockefeller University
Deep neural network predictions of pathogenic mutations
While there has been an extensive effort in identifying pathogenic mutations in patients’ genomes, current methods still cannot efficiently prioritize the true pathogenic mutations in patients. We showed that by using extensive annotations it is possible to cluster mutations by disease groups. We aim to deep neural network (aka “deep learning”) classifier to efficiently and automatically prioritize pathogenic mutations in patients’ genomes, by considering the disease of the patient, train based on extensive annotations at the variant-, gene- and pathway-levels, and separate the training sets by disease groups and high-quality non-trivial neutral genetic variants.
Investigating population-specific disease-causing mutations, genes and pathways
Different human populations display varying genomic architectures, that are likely to result in population-specific disease-causing mutations, genes and pathways. We currently investigate this concept with Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients from the IBD genetics consortium (IBDGC) whole exome sequencing data, that we identify by admixture and principal component analyses (PCA). We perform a gene burden analysis of cases vs controls, focusing on high-impact rare genetic variants. We use PheWAS to further validate our results. We aim to then extend the analysis to other human populations (Hispanic, African American and European) for identifying population-specific IBD genomic signals.
Itan lab webpage
Predicting the functional consequence of mutations
Gain-of-function (GOF) and loss-of-function (LOF) mutations in the same gene result in different diseases and require different treatment. We aim to develop the first computational method to efficiently predict if a mutation is GOF, LOF or neutral by: (1) creating the first extensive GOF and LOF database by extracting data with natural language processing (NLP) algorithm on abstracts of known pathogenic mutations; (2) applying statistical and feature selection approach to detect protein-level and gene-level features that best differentiate GOF from LOF and neutral mutations; and (3) developing a Random Forest classifier and a public server to predict the functional consequence of mutations. We use Phenome-Wide Associations (PheWAS) on Mount Sinai’s BioMe resource for validating our resource and detect novel GOF/LOF phenotypes.