Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common autosomal recessive disorders affecting Caucasians with a carrier frequency among Ashkenazi Jewish and non-Jewish Caucasian individuals of 1 in 25 to 1 in 29. Clinical manifestations in affected individuals result from defects in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulatory (CFTR) gene and cause the abnormal regulation of chloride channels and the generalized dysfunction of exocrine glands leading to chronic pulmonary disease and pancreatic insufficiency. To date over 1000 mutations have been identified, however common mutations occur in greater frequency in different populations. Among the Ashkenazi Jewish community, five mutations [p.F508del, p.W1282X, p.G542X, p.N1303K, c.3717+12191C>T(3849+10kbC>T)] provide a carrier detection rate of approximately 94%. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American College of Medical Genetics recommend that carrier screening for a core panel of 23 CFTR mutations be offered to all individuals before/during pregnancy. However, cystic fibrosis testing at Mount Sinai tests DNA samples for 70 CFTR mutations which are listed below.
CFTR: p.E60X, p.R75X, p.G85E, c.262_263delTT(394delTT), c.273+3A>C(405+3A>C), c.274-1G>A(406-1G>A), c.313delA(444delA), p.R117C, p.R117H, p.Y122X, c.489+1G>T(621+1G>T), p.G178R, c.579+1G>T(711+1G>T), p.L206W, c.803delA(935delA), p.F312del(delF311), c.948delT(1078delT), p.G330X, p.R334W, p.R347P, p.R347H, p.R352Q, p.S364P, p.A455E, p.G480C, p.Q493X, p.I507del, p.F508del, p.V520F, c.1545_1546delTA(1677delTA), c.1585-1G>A(1717-1G>A), p.G542X, p.S549N, p.S549R/c.1647T>G (S549R), p.G551D, p.R553X, p.A559T, p.R560T, c.1680-1G>A(1812-1G>A), c.1766+1G>A(1898+1G>A), c.1766+5G>T(1898+5G>T), c.2051_2052delAAinsG(2183AA>G), c.2052delA(2184delA), c.2175_2176insA(2307insA), p.G622D, c.1923_1931del9insA(2055del9>A), c.2012delT(2143delT), p.K710X, c.2657+5G>A(2789+5G>A), p.Q890X, c.2737_2738insG(2869insG), c.2988G>A(3120G>A), c.2988+1G>A(3120+1G>A), c.3067_3072delATAGTG(3199del6), p.R1066C, p.W1089X, p.Y1092X, p.M1101K, p.D1152H, p.R1162X, c.3528delC(3659delC), p.R1158X, c.3659delC(3791delC), p.S1196X, c.3717+12191C>T(3849+10kbC>T), c.3773_3774insT(3905insT), p.W1282X, p.D1270N, p.S1255X, c.3744delA(3876delA), p.N1303K).
|Ethnic Group||Carrier Frequency||Detection Rate||Carrier Risk after Negative Result|
|Ashkenazi Jewish||1 in 24||94%||1 in 400|
|Non-Hispanic Caucasian||1 in 25||91%||1 in 268|
|Hispanic||1 in 58||81%||1 in 301|
|African American||1 in 61||77%||1 in 266|
|Asian American||1 in 94||54%||1 in 203|
1. Grody WW, Cutting GR, Klinger KW, Richards CS, Watson MS, Desnick RJ; (Subcommittee on Cystic Fibrosis Screening, Accreditation of Genetic Services Committee, ACMG. American College of Medical Genetics). Laboratory standards and guidelines for population-based cystic fibrosis carrier screening. Gen Med. 2001; 3:149-54
2. www.acog.org/from_home/publications/press releases /nr12-12-01-2.cfm
4. TAG-It Mutation Detection Kit for CFTR 70+6 package insert, Tm Bioscience Corporation, Toronto, Ontario
Two 5-10 ml tubes of anticoagulated blood. The preferred anticoagulant is EDTA (lavendar top tubes), ACD (yellow top) tubes are also accepted.
Shipping: Send at room temperature.
Turnaround Time: 10-14 days
CPT Codes: 83891, 83892x2, 83900, 83901x2, 83912, 83914x2
Consent and Requisition Forms: Carrier Screening Requisition and Consent [PDF]
Related Tests: Ashkenazi Jewish Carrier Test Panel
Prior to ordering prenatal testing, please contact our laboratory at 212-241-7518 to discuss.