Listed below are scientific reports on the effects of 9/11 exposures on responders, volunteers and other workers. They were produced by researchers, clinicians and other professionals in the Division of Occupational Medicine of the Department of Preventive Medicine. (Updated January 23, 2015)
Gorman T, Dropkin J, Kamen J, Nimbalkar S, Zuckerman N, Lowe T, Szeinuk J, Milek D, Piligian G, Freund A. Controlling Health Hazards to Hospital Workers. New Solutions J Environ Occup Health Pol. 2013; 23: Suppl 1-167.
Freund A, Zuckerman N, Luo H, Hsu H, Lucchini R. Diesel and Silica Monitoring at Two Sites Following Hurricane Sandy. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2014; 11:9, D131-D143.
Lucchini R, Guazzetti S, Zoni S, Benedetti C, Fedrighi C, Peli M, Donna F, Bontempi E, Borgese L, Micheletti S, Ferri R, Marchetti S, Smith D.R. Neurofunctional dopaminergic impairment in elderly after lifetime exposure to manganese. NeuroToxicology. 29 May 2014 [Epub ahead of print].
Freund A, Zuckerman N, Baum L, Milek D. Submicron Particle Monitoring of Paving and Related Road Construction Operations. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2012; 9:5, 298-307.
Solan S, Wallenstein S, Shapiro M, Teitelbaum SL, Stevenson L, Kochman A, Kaplan J, Dellenbaugh C, Kahn A, Biro FN, Crane M, Crowley L, Gabrilove J, Gonsalves L, Harrison D, Herbert R, Luft B, Markowitz SB, Moline J, Niu X, Sacks H, Shukla G, Udasin I, Lucchini RG, Boffetta P, Landrigan PJ “Cancer Incidence in World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers, 2001-2008.” Environ Health Perspect. April 2013. [Epub ahead of print].
Pietrzak RH, Feder A, Singh R, Schechter CB, Bromet EJ, Katz CL, Reissman DB, Ozbay F, Sharma V, Crane M, Harrison D, Herbert R, Levin SM, Luft BJ, Moline JM, Stellman JM, Udasin IG, Landrigan PJ, Southwick SM. “Trajectories of PTSD Risk and Resilience in World Trade Center Responders: An 8-Year Prospective Cohort Study.” Psychol Med. April 2013; 3:1-15.
Lucchini RG, Crane MA, Crowley L, Globina Y, Milek DJ, Boffetta P, Landrigan PJ. “The World Trade Center Health Surveillance Program: Results of the First 10 Years and Implications for Prevention.” G Ital Med Lav Ergon. July-September 2012;34(3 Suppl):529-33.
de la Hoz RE, Mallea JM, Kramer SJ, Bienenfeld LA, Wisnivesky JP, Aurora RN. “Polysomnographic Diagnoses Among Former World Trade Center Rescue Workers and Volunteers.” Arch Environ Occup Health. October 2012;67(4):239-42.
Luft BJ, Schechter C, Kotov R, Broihier J, Reissman D, Guerrera K, Udasin I, Moline J, Harrison D, Friedman-Jimenez G, Pietrzak RH, Southwick SM, Bromet EJ. “Exposure, Probable PTSD and Lower Respiratory Illness Among World Trade Center Rescue, Recovery and Clean-up Workers.” Psychol Med. May 2012;42(5):1069-79.
Katz CL, Jutras-Aswad D, Kiliman M, Pilatowicz I, Akerele E, Marrone K, Ozbay F. “Alcohol Use in Polish 9/11 Responders: Implications for Cross-Cultural Treatment.” J Psychiatr Pract. January 2012;18(1):55-63.
Kim H, Herbert R, Landrigan P, Markowitz SB, Moline JM, Savitz DA, Todd AC, Udasin IG, Wisnivesky JP. “Increased Rates of Asthma Among World Trade Center Disaster Responders.” Am J Ind Med. January 2012;55(1):44-53.
Perritt KR, Herbert R, Levin SM, Moline J. “Work-related Injuries and Illnesses reported by World Trade Center Response Workers and Volunteers.” Prehosp Disaster Med. November-December 2011;26(6):401-7.
Wisnivesky JP, Teitelbaum S, Todd A, Bofetta P, Crane M, Crowley LE, Dellenbaugh C, Harrison D, Herbert R, Kim H, Jeon Y, Kaplan J. Levin S, Luft B, Markowitz S, Moline JM, Pietrzak R, Shapiro M, Skloot GS, Southwick S, Stevenson L, Udasin I, Wallenstein S, Landrigan PJ . “Persistence of Multiple Illnesses in September 11 Rescue Workers.” Lancet. September 2011;378: 888-97.
Woskie SR, Kim, H, Freund A, Stevenson L, Park BY, Baron S, Herbert R, Siegel de Hernandez M, Teitelbaum S, de la Hoz RE, Wisnivesky JP, Landrigan PJ. “World Trade Center Disaster: Assessment of Responder Occupations, Work Locations, and Job Tasks.” Am J Ind Med. August 2011; 54: 681-695.
de la Hoz RE. “Occupational Lower Airway Disease in Relation to World Trade Center Inhalation Exposure.” Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. April 2011; 11:97-102.
Altman KW, Desai SC, Moline J, de la Hoz RE, Herbert R, Gannon PJ, Doty RL. “Odor Identification Ability and Self-reported Upper Respiratory Symptoms in Workers at the Post-9/11 World Trade Center Site.” Int Arch Occup Environ Health. February 2011;84:131-137.
Crowley LE, Herbert R, Moline JM, Wallenstein S, Shukla G, Schechter C, Skloot GS, Udasin I, Luft BJ, Harrison D, Shapiro M, Wong K, Sacks HS, Landrigan PJ, Teirstein AS. “Sarcoid like” Granulomatous Pulmonary Disease in World Trade Center Disaster Responders.” Am J Ind Med. March 2011; 54:175–184.
de la Hoz RE. “Occupational Asthma and Lower Airway Disease Among World Trade Center Workers and Volunteers.” Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. April 2010;10:287-294.
Dalton PH, Opiekun RE, Gould M, McDermott R, Wilson T, Maute C, Ozdener MH, Zhao K, Emmett E, Lees PSJ, Herbert R, Moline J. “Chemosensory Loss: Functional Consequences of the World Trade Center Disaster.” Envrion Health Perspect. September 2010;118(9):1251-1256.
Maoxin Wu, Gordon RE, Herbert R, Padilla M, Moline JM, Mendelson D, Litle V, Travis W, Gil J. “Lung Disease in World Trade Center Responders Exposed to Dust and Smoke-Carbon Nanotubes Found in the Lungs of WTC Patients and Dust Samples.” Environ Health Perspect. April 2010;118(4):499-504.
Skloot G, Edwards NT, Enright P. “Four-year Calibration Stability of the EasyOne Portable Spirometer.” Respir Care. July 2010; 55(7):873-877.
de la Hoz RE, Shohet MR, Cohen J. “Occupational Rhinosinusitis and Upper Airway Disease: The World Trade Center Experience.” Curr Asthma Allergy Rep. March 2010;10(2)77-83.
de la Hoz RE, Aurora RN, Landsbergis P, Bienenfeld LA, Afilaka AA, Herbert R. “Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Among Former World Trade Center Rescue Workers and Volunteers.” J Occup Environ Med. January 2010;52:29-32.
Wallenstein S, Bodian C, Herbert R. “A Capture-Recapture Problem When Information is Obtained from Two Qualitatively Different Sources.” Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods. September 2010;39(15), 2688-2700.
Enright P, Skloot G, Cox-Ganser J, Udasin IG, Herbert R. “Quality of Spirometry Tests Performed by 13,599 Participants of the World Trade Center Worker and Volunteer Medical Screening Program.” Respir Care. March 2010;55(3), 303-309.
de la Hoz RE, Shohet MR, Wisnivesky JP, Bienenfeld LA, Afilaka AA, Herbert R. “Atopy and Upper and Lower Airway Disease Among Former World Trade Center Workers and Volunteers.” J Occup Environ Med. September 2009;51:992-995.
Bills CB, Dodson N, Stellman JM, Southwick S, Sharma V, Herbert R, Moline JM, Katz CL. “Stories Behind the Symptoms: A Qualitative Analysis of the Narratives of 9/11 Rescue and Recovery Workers.” Psychiatr Q. September 2009;80(3):173-89.
Moline JM, Herbert R, Crowley L, Troy K, Hodgman E, Shukla G, Udasin I, Luft B, Wallenstein S, Landrigan P, Savitz DA. “Multiple Myeloma in World Trade Center Responders: A Case Series.” J Occup Environ Med. August 2009;51 (8):896-902.
Katz CL, Levin S, Herbert R, Munro S, Pandya A, Smith R. “Psychiatric Symptoms in Ground Zero Ironworkers in the Aftermath of 9/11: Prevalence and Predictors.” Psychiatric Bulletin. February 2009;33:49-52.
Skloot G, Schechter CB, Herbert R, Moline JM, Levin SM, Crowley LE, Luft B, Udasin IG, Enright PL. “Longitudinal Assessment of Spirometry in the World Trade Center Medical Monitoring Program.” Chest. February 2009;135 (2):492-498
de la Hoz RE, Christie J, Teamer JA, Bienenfeld LA, Afilaka AA, Crane M, Levin SM, Herbert R. “Reflux Symptoms and Disorders and Pulmonary Disease in Former World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers and Volunteers.” J Occup Environ Med. December 2008;50(12):1351-1354.
de la Hoz RE, Hill S, Chasan R, Bienenfeld LA, Afilaka AA, Wilk-Rivard E, Herbert R. “Health Care and Social Issues of Immigrant Rescue and Recovery Workers at the World Trade Center Site.” J Occup Environ Med. December 2008;50(12):1329-1334.
Stellman J, Smith R, Katz CL, Sharma V, Charney D, Herbert R, Moline JM, Luft B, Markowitz S, Udasin I, Harrison D, Baron S, Landrigan PJ, Levin S, Southwick S. “Enduring Mental Health Morbidity and Social Function Impairment in World Trade Center Rescue, Recovery, and Cleanup Workers: The Psychological Dimension of an Environmental Health Disaster.” Environ Health Perspect. September 2008;116(9): 1248-1253.
Landrigan PJ, Forman J, Galvez M, Newman B, Engel SM, Chemtob C. “Impact of September 11 World Trade Center Disaster on Children and Pregnant Women.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008;75(2): 129-134.
Bills CB, Levy NA, Sharma V, Charney DS, Herbert R, Moline JM, Katz CL. “Mental Health of Workers and Volunteers Responding to Events of 9/11: Review of the Literature.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008;75(2):115-127.
Enright P, Skloot G, Herbert R. “Standardization of Spirometry in Assessment of Responders Following Man-Made Disasters: The World Trade Center Worker and Volunteer Medical Screening Program.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008; 75(2):109-114.
Szeinuk J, Padilla M, de la Hoz R. “Potential for Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease After Exposures at World Trade Center Disaster Site.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008;75(2):101-107.
Savitz, D, Oxman RT, Metzger KB, Wallenstein S, Stein D, Moline JM, Herbert R. “Epidemiologic Research on Man-Made Disasters: Strategies and Implications of Cohort Definition for the World Trade Center Worker and Volunteer Surveillance Program.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008;75(2): 77-87.
Moline JM, Herbert R, Levin S, Stein D, Luft B, Udasin IG, Landrigan PJ. “The WTC Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program: Comprehensive Health Care Response in Aftermath of Disaster.” Mt. Sinai J Med. March-April 2008;75(2): 67-75.
de la Hoz RE, Shohet M, Bienenfeld LA, Afilaka AA, Levin SM, Herbert R. “Vocal Cord Dysfunction in Former World Trade Center (WTC) Rescue and Recovery Workers and Volunteers.” Am J Ind Med. March 2008;51(3): 161-165.
de la Hoz RE, Shohet M, Chasan R, Bienenfeld L, Afilaka AA, Levin SM, Herbert R. “Occupational Toxicant Inhalation Injury: The World Trade Center (WTC) Experience.” Int Arch Occup Environ Health. February 2008;81(4): 479-485.
Mendelson DS, Roggeveen M, Levin SM, Herbert R, de la Hoz RE. “Air Trapping Detected on End-Expiratory High-Resolution Computed Tomography in Symptomatic World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers.” J Occup Environ Med. August 2007;49(8): 840-845.
Herbert R, Moline JM, Skloot G, Metzger K, Baron S, Luft B, Markowitz S, Udasin I, Harrison D, Stein D, Todd A, Enright P, Stellman JM, Landrigan PJ, Levin SM. “The World Trade Center Disaster and the Health of Workers: Five-Year Assessment of a Unique Medical Screening Program.” Environ Health Perspect. December 2006;114: 1853-1858.
Katz CL, Smith R, Silverton M, Holmes A, Bravo C, Jones K, Killiman M, Lopez N, Malkoff L, Marrone K, Neuman A, Stephens T, Tavarez W, Yarowsky A, Levin S, Herbert R. A “Mental Health Program for Ground Zero Rescue and Recovery Workers: Cases and Observations.” Psychiatr Serv. September 2006;57(9):1335-1338.
Moline JM, Herbert R, Nguyen N. “Health Consequences of the September 11th World Trade Center Attacks: A Review.” Cancer Invest. May 2006; 24(3): 294-301.
Landrigan PJ, Lioy PJ, Thurston G, Berkowitz G, Chen LC, Chillrud SN, Gavett SH, Georgopoulos PG, Geyh AS, Levin S, Perera F, Rappaport SM, Small C; “NIEHS World Trade Center Working Group. Health and Environmental Consequences of the World Trade Center Disaster.” Environ Health Perspect. May 2004;112(6):731-739
Smith, RP, Katz CL, Holmes A, Herbert R, Levin S, Moline J, Landsbergis P, Stevenson L, North C, Larkin GL, Baron S, Hurrell Jr JJ: “Mental Health Status of World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers and Volunteers – New York City, July 2002 – August 2004.” MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. September 2004;53(35): 812–815.
Levin SM, Herbert R, Moline JM, Todd AC, Stevenson L, Landsbergis P, Jiang S, Skloot G, Baron S, Enright P. “Physical Health Status of World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers and Volunteers- New York City, July 2002 – August 2004.” MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. September 2004;53(35): 807-812.
Skloot G, Goldman M, Fischler D, Goldman C, Schechter C, Levin S, Teirstein A. “Respiratory Symptoms and Physiologic Assessment of Ironworkers at the World Trade Center Site.” Chest. April 2004; 125(4): 1248-1255.
Levin S, Herbert R, Skloot G, Szeinuk J, Teirstein A, Fischler D, Milek D, Piligian G, Wilk-Rivard E, Moline J. “Health Effects of World Trade Center Site Workers.” Am J Ind Med. December 2002; 42(6):545-547.
Katz CL, Smith R, Herbert R, Levin S, and Gross R. The World Trade Center Worker/Volunteer Mental Health Screening Program. In Neria Y, Gross R, Marshall R, and Susser E, eds. 9/11: Public Mental Health in the Wake of a Terrorist Attack. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1057
New York, NY 10029