More than 50 years of transformative research and innovative practice.
Cutting-edge research related to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of occupational illness and injury is a cornerstone of the Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. From its establishment in 1960 as the nation’s first hospital division of occupational medicine, the Division has been revolutionizing worker health prevention and treatment. Today, the Division continues to be a pioneer in worker health. Our faculty collaborates with experts regionally through the NIOSH-funded NY/NJ Education Research Center, nationally with academic departments at major universities and health care institutions, as well as internationally through the Collegium Ramazzini, the International Commission on Occupational Health, WHO, and the International Labour Office.
Bus depots were found to be a significant source of communities’ levels of black carbon, a component of particulate matter generally emitted by vehicles that use diesel and is associated with cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
Health Promotion in the Workplace
The Mount Sinai Health System is a member of the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s Total Worker Health™ (TWH) Affiliate Program. The Selikoff Centers for Occupational Health, located in the Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, are the first designated TWH Clinical Centers of Excellence in the United States. TWH integrates occupational safety and health protection with workplace policies, programs, and practices that promote health and prevent disease to advance worker safety, health, and well-being.
Overexposure to manganese through certain industrial and agricultural activities can affect parts of the brain that are important for motor coordination and cognitive functions. Evidence also suggests a link between occupational and environmental exposure to manganese and Parkinson’s disease.
Occupational Health Surveillance
Ongoing collection and analysis of occupational health data have aided in determining the current risk factors, industries affected, and the state of occupational health in New York.
Exposure to silica has been implicated in the development of multiple lung-related diseases, such as pneumoconiosis, lung cancer, and autoimmune diseases. New York City underground workers are at an increased their risk for silicosis with every year of exposure to silica. Damage by exposure can be reduced by regular physical examinations and screenings, and exposure can be limited by use respirators and fit-testing.
Women and Children
Exposure to chemicals during pregnancy is shown to have cognitive and motor effects on the developing brain. Further research is being done looking at the effects of maternal stress combined with exposure to certain metals on infant development. Women health at work is a special research area, with focus on pregnant working women, and in specific occupations like construction.
World Trade Center Health Illnesses
Workers and volunteers who assisted in the recovery and clean-up of the World Trade Center disaster site are at an increased risk of multiple types of illnesses, including cancers. Further investigation of the health effects and treatment of responders to the 9/11 attacks is conducted through multicenter monitoring and data analysis.
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Department of Preventive Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1057
New York, NY 10029