What is Sex and Gender Science?

Sex and gender differences in how a disease presents itself, treatment effectiveness, and health outcomes have not been studied enough. Recently, research has been looking at the effects of gender, race, and ethnic background on medical diagnosis and treatment. Each life stage of a woman has an effect on stages yet to come. They affect future health care needs as well as the chances of developing chronic disease. Bringing together scientists and disease specialists, we can better understand how common conditions—such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and cardiovascular disease—develop in women.

To perform this research, we must question all our assumptions and think creatively. We need to focus on early detection to better avoid chronic diseases and premature mortality. This type of research can produce major strides in improving the lives of women.